ASNT… Creating a Safer World! ™

Fourth Edition, Volume 1

Liquid Penetrant Testing

This fifteen-chapter Handbook features full color throughout with bright, clear figures and more than 200 new photographs that clearly illustrate important principles; an updated glossary and index make accurate searches fast and easy.
Product Number 142

Table of Contents

Chapter 1.  Introduction to Liquid Penetrant Testing

  • Part 1:  Nondestructive Testing
  • Part 2:  Management of Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 3:  History of Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 4:  Measurement Units for Liquid Penetrant Testing

Chapter 2.  Principles of Liquid Penetrant Testing

  • Part 1:  Elements of Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 2:  Liquid Penetrant Testing Processes
  • Part 3:  Emulsification and Removal of Excess Surface Liquid Penetrant
  • Part 4:  Principles of Application and Operation of Developers
  • Part 5:  Inspection and Interpretation of Liquid Penetrant Indications
  • Part 6:  Field Techniques for Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 7:  Maintenance of Liquid Penetrant Test Systems
  • Part 8:  Health and Safety

Chapter 3.  Characteristics of Liquid Penetrant Materials

  • Part 1.  Fluid Mechanics of Liquid Penetrant
  • Part 2.  Liquid Penetrant Removal
  • Part 3.  Color of Liquid Penetrants
  • Part 4.  Action of Developers
  • Part 5.  Dye Penetrant Color

Chapter 4.  Care and Maintenance of Liquid Penetrant Test Materials

  • Part 1.  Care of Liquid Penetrant Testing Materials
  • Part 2.  Care of Liquid Penetrants in Use
  • Part 3.  Care of Emulsifiers and Removers
  • Part 4.  Care of Developers
  • Part 5.  Quality Control Tests for Liquid Penetrant Materials
  • Part 6.  Quality Control Tests of Test Systems and Procedures

Chapter 5.  Interpretation of Liquid Penetrant Indications

  • Part 1.  Terminology for Interpretation of Liquid Penetrant Indications
  • Part 2.  General Interpretation of Liquid Penetrant Indications
  • Part 3.  Processing Effects Influencing Liquid Penetrant Indications
  • Part 4.  Establishing Acceptance Standards for Liquid Penetrant Indications
  • Part 5.  Interpretation of Liquid Penetrant Indications of Cracks
  • Part 6.  Interpretation of Liquid Penetrant Indications of Laminar Discontinuities
  • Part 7.  Interpretation of Liquid Penetrant Indications of Porosity and Leaks
  • Part 8.  Nonrelevant and False Liquid Penetrant Indications
  • Part 9.  Recognition Training of Liquid Penetrant Inspectors
  • Part 10.  Specifications and Guides for Evaluation of Liquid Penetrant Indications

Chapter 6.  Surface Preparation and Cleaning

  • Part 1.  Effects of Test Object Surface Contamination or Irregularities
  • Part 2.  Cleaning Surfaces before Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 3.  Cleaning Test Objects after Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 4.  Cleaning Requirements for Fluorescent Liquid Penetrant Testing in Aircraft Overhaul
  • Part 5.  Influence of Mechanical Processing on Liquid Penetrant Testing

Chapter 7.  Liquid Penetrant Test Equipment

  • Part 1.  Processing Equipment for Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 2.  Automated Liquid Penetrant Testing of Large Aerospace Parts

Chapter 8. Irradiation of Liquid Penetrant Tests

  • Part 1.  Irradiation and Vision
  • Part 2.  Liquid Penetrant Testing under Visible Light
  • Part 3.  Fluorescent Penetrant Testing
  • Part 4.  Radiation Sources for Fluorescent Penetrant Testing
  • Part 5.  Radiation Measurement

Chapter 9.  Comparators and Reference Panels

  • Part 1.  Cracked Metal Comparator Blocks
  • Part 2.  Surface Cracked Nickel-Chrome Liquid Penetrant Test Panels
  • Part 3.  Penetrant Comparators with Indentations Simulating Discontinuities
  • Part 4.  Test Panels for Measurement of Background

Chapter 10.  Liquid Penetrant Testing Crack Detection Capabilities and Reliability

  • Part 1.  Human Factors
  • Part 2.  Probability of Detection (PoD)

Chapter 11.  Liquid Penetrant System Chemistry and Effluent Waste

  • Part 1.  Effects of Sulfur and Chlorine Impurities in Liquid Penetrant Test Materials
  • Part 2.  Sulfur and Halogen Analysis of Liquid Penetrant Test Materials
  • Part 3.  Control of Pollution from Liquid Penetrant Waste
  • Part 4.  Recycling of Water Effluent and Postemulsifiable Liquid Penetrant
  • Part 5.  Clarification and Distillation Recovery of Wastewater

Chapter 12.  Liquid Penetrant Testing of Metals

  • Part 1.  Liquid Penetrant Testing of Forgings
  • Part 2.  Liquid Penetrant Testing of Ferrous Metals
  • Part 3.  Liquid Penetrant Testing of Light Alloys
  • Part 4.  Liquid Penetrant Testing of Welds
  • Part 5.  Liquid Penetrant Testing of Metal Cutting Tools

Chapter 13.  Electric Power Applications of Liquid Penetrant Testing

  • Part 1.  Applications of Liquid Penetrant Testing in Electric Power Plants
  • Part 2.  Liquid Penetrant Testing of Pressure Components of Nuclear Power Plants
  • Part 3.  Examples of Liquid Penetrant Indications in Reactor Piping
  • Part 4.  Personnel Performing Liquid Penetrant Testing in Power Plants

Chapter 14. Aerospace Applications of Liquid Penetrant Testing

  • Part 1.  Liquid Penetrant Testing Process Specifications in Aerospace Manufacturing
  • Part 2.  Liquid Penetrant Performance without Developer
  • Part 3.  Liquid Penetrant Testing for Liquid Oxygen Systems
  • Part 4.  Fluorescent Penetrants with Depth Sensing
  • Part 5.  Low Viscosity Liquid Penetrant Testing of Brazed Honeycomb Seals
  • Part 6.  Ultrasonic Enhancement of Liquid Penetrant Indications in Welds
  • Part 7.  Liquid Penetrant Testing in Aircraft Fleet Maintenance
  • Part 8.  Liquid Penetrant Testing of Radioisotope Capsules for Deep Space Missions

Chapter 15. Various Applications of Liquid Penetrant Testing

  • Part 1.  Liquid Penetrant Testing of Petroleum Down Hole Components
  • Part 2.  Liquid Penetrant Testing of Automotive Parts
  • Part 3.  Liquid Penetrant Testing of Plastic Materials
  • Part 4.  Filtered Particle Testing

Glossary

References

Index

Figure Credits