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NDT Handbook, 4th Edition

Radiographic Testing

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Outline

1. Introduction to Radiographic Testing 

  • Part 1. Nondestructive Testing
  • Part 2. History of Radiographic Testing
  • Part 3. Management of Radiographic Testing
  • Part 4. Units of Measure for Radiographic Testing

2. Penetrating Radiation Physics

  • Part 1. Atomic Structure
  • Part 2. Electromagnetic Radiation Characteristics
  • Part 3. Properties of Radioactive Material
  • Part 4. Neutrons

3. Radiation Sources

  • Part 1. X-ray Tubes
  • Part 2. Accelerator Sources
  • Part 3. Isotope Sources
  • Part 4. Neutron Sources

4. Radiation Safety

  • Part 1. Dose Definitions and Exposure Levels
  • Part 2. Radiation Measurement
  • Part 3. Radiation Protection and Measurements
  • Part 4. Basic Exposure Control
  • Part 5. Shielding
  • Part 6. Management of Radiation Safety
  • Part 7. Neutron Radiographic Safety

5. Principles of Radiography

  • Part 1. Introduction
  • Part 2. Radiographic Geometry
  • Part 3. Radiographic Sensitivity
  • Part 4. Energy Selection
  • Part 5. Scatter Control
  • Part 6. Image Quality Indicators
  • Part 7. Probability of Detection

6. Principles of Digital Imaging

  • Part 1. Digital Image Basics
  • Part 2. Image information
  • Part 3. Human Perception/Image display
  • Part 4. Image Enhancement

7. Film Radiography

  • Part 1. Radiographic Film
  • Part 2. Film Image Formation
  • Part 3. Film Handling and Equipment
  • Part 4. Film Viewing
  • Part 5. Film Digitization
  • Part 6. Silver Recovery

8. Computed Radiography

  • Part 1. Principles of Computed Radiography
  • Part 2. Photostimulable Phosphor Plates
  • Part 3. Computed Radiography Systems
  • Part 4. Computed Radiography Practices

 

9. Digital Detector Arrays

  • Part 1. Principles of Digital Detector Arrays
  • Part 2. Digital Detector Arrays Technologies
  • Part 3. Digital Detector Arrays Systems
  • Part 4. Digital Detector Arrays Practices

10. Radioscopy

  • Part 1. Principles of Radioscopy
  • Part 2. Imaging Systems
  • Part 3. Radioscopy Systems
  • Part 4. Radioscopic Practices

11. Computed Tomography

  • Part 1. Introduction to Computed Tomography
  • Part 2. Laminography
  • Part 3. Principles of Computed Tomography
  • Part 4. Resolution and Contrast
  • Part 5. Metrology
  • Part 6. Computed Tomographic Systems
  • Part 7. Applications of Computed Tomography
  • Part 8. Reference Standards for Computed Tomography

12. Neutron Imaging

  • Part 1. Principles of Neutron Radiography
  • Part 2. Established Practice
  • Part 3. Applications of Neutron Radiography
  • Part 4. Advanced Techniques of Neutron Radiography

13. Special Radiographic Techniques

  • Part 1. Backscatter Imaging
  • Part 2. Ultra-High Resolution
  • Part 3. Stereo Radiography
  • Part 4. Flash Radiography
  • Part 5. Reversed Geometry
  • Part 6. X-Ray Diffraction
  • Part 7. X-Ray Fluorescence

14. Radiographic Testing of Metal Castings

  • Part 1. Metal Castings
  • Part 2. Radiographic Techniques for Metal Castings
  • Part 3. Standards and Specifications
  • Part 4. Examples of Metal Casting Radiography

15. Radiographic Testing of Welds

  • Part 1. Welding
  • Part 2. Radiographic Technique
  • Part 3. Standards and Specifications
  • Part 4. Examples of Weld Radiography

16. Other Applications of Radiographic Testing

  • Part 1. Pipe and Tubing Applications
  • Part 2. Radiation Gaging for Density/Thickness
  • Part 3. Radiographic Inspection in the Aerospace Industry
  • Part 4. Radiographic Inspection of Electronic Components
  • Part 5. Metrological Applications of Radiography
  • Part 6. Radiographic Testing in Art and Historic Conservation—Stewart Kleven
  • Part 7. Infrastructure Applications of Radiographic Testing
  • Part 8. Other Applications of Radiographic Testing

17. Attenuation Coefficients

  • Part 1. Introduction to Attenuation Coefficients
  • Part 2. Attenuation Coefficient Tables

Glossary

References

Index

Figure Sources