Working Safely in Radiography
Previously published by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, this new edition is now being published by ASNT. Includes updated and revised information on X-ray safety, current regulations, current radiation units and quantities and new photographs. The book is ideal for companies who need to meet the NRC requirements for training radiographers.
- Member Price: $36.50
- Non-member Price: $49.50
- Item Number: 0232
- Published: 2004
- Pages: 144
- ISBN: 1-57117-231-1
Chapter 1 - Why Is Safety Training Important?
- What Is Industrial Radiography?
The Beginning of Radiography
- Discovery of Radium
- Early Gamma Radiography
- Radiation Hazards
- Causes of Radiography Accidents
Radiation Safety Inspections and Audits
- Government Licensing
- Radiation Safety Officer
- Written Procedures
- Internal Inspections
- Radiation Safety Inspections and Audits
Personnel Certification for Radiation Safety
- Safety Personnel Certification
- Radiographer Certification
Chapter 2 - What Is Radiation?
- A Form of Energy
- Gamma Ray Radiation
Radiation Quantities and Units
- Disintegration Rate
- Absorbed Dose
- Dose Equivalent
- Quality Factor
- Compound Units
ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable)
- Prospective Annual Limit for Occupationally
- Permissible Levels of Radiation in Unrestricted Areas
- Restricted Areas
- Exposure of Minors
- Exposure of Females
- ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable)
How Much Radiation Are People Exposed To?
- Natural Sources of Radiation
- Radiation from Manufactured Sources
- Occupational Radiation Doses
Chapter 3 - What Is Radioactivity?
- X-ray Machines
- Half Life
- Logarithmic Scales
Chapter 4 - What Are the Harmful Effects of Radiation?
- Prompt Effects of Radiation
- Radiation Burns
- Severe Radiation Burn
- Other Examples
- Radiation Sickness
- Deaths from a Radiography Source
Delayed Effects of Radiation
- How Large Is the Cancer Risk?
- Genetic Defects from Radiation
- Radiation Exposure of Pregnant Women
- How Sure are Scientists About Delayed Effects of Radiation?
- True or False
Chapter 5 - How Do Time, Distance and Shielding Affect Dose?
- The Inverse Square Law
- Protective Enclosures
- Classes of Installations for X-rays and Gamma Rays
- Protective Installation
- Enclosed Installation
- Unattended Installation
- Open Installation
Chapter 6 - How Is Radiation Detected and Measured?
- Survey Meters Measure Dose Rate
- Reading a Survey Meter
- Starting Work with an Operable Survey Meter
- Making a Radiation Survey
Dosimeters Measure Dose
- Pocket Dosimeters
- Film Badges
- Thermoluminescent Dosimeters
- Alarm Rate Meter
Alarm Systems at Permanent Installations
- Testing Sources for Leaks
Chapter 7 - How Do Radiography Cameras Work?
- Types of Cameras
- Daily Maintenance
- Quarterly Maintenance
Chapter 8 - What Are the Basic Rules for Radiography?
- Who Regulates Radiographers?
- Offshore Work Sites
Nuclear Regulatory Commission Regulations
- Part 19 – Radiographers Bill of Rights
- Part 20 – Basic Radiation Safety
- Part 34 – Responsibilities [Section 20.2204]
- True or False
Chapter 9 - What Are the Rules for Transporting Sources?
- Special Form and Normal Form [49 CFR Section 173.389(a) and Section 173.398(a)]
- Amount of Radioactivity in Packages [49 CFR Section 173.389]
- Type B Packaging [49 CFR Section 173.394(b)]
- Radiation Limits for Packages
- Warning Labels
- Moving the Source to the Work Site
Receiving and Shipping Sources
- Receiving a Source
- Shipping a Source
Chapter 10 - How Can Following Procedures Help the Radiographer?
- Operating Procedures
- Recognizing the Emergency
- Immediate Response
Chapter 11 - Why Do Radiography Accidents Happen?
- How Radiography Accidents Happen
- A Source Is Left Exposed
- The Omitted Survey
- Not Locking the Camera
- A Case History
- Some Other Examples
- The Human Factor